Category Archives: theory

The Violence of Abstraction

My 1987 book The Violence of Abstraction: The Analytic Foundations of Historical Materialism has long been out of print, and used copies are now listed on amazon at prices from £400 upward.

In the interests of open access, I have now made the entire text available (in three separate files) for free download at


Marx in a Beer Can

New Turkish translation of old book (The Violence of Abstraction).  Love the cover: Marx in a beer can!